Calvaire 2014 Mixed media on wood 40 x 40 cm (photo Chris Park)
Martyrs mixed media on canvas 2013 230 x 200 cm
Foxe’s Book of Martyrs 1610 edition
The Rose of Paracelsus – Jorge Luis Borges
Insolent vaunt of Paracelsus, that he would restore the original rose or violet out of the ashes settling from its combustion. . . .”
-De Quincey, Writings, XIII: 345
In his laboratory, which comprised two cellar rooms, Paracelsus begged his God- his unspecified God, any God- to send him a disciple. It was growing dark. In the hearth a meager fire cast flickering shadows. To get up and light the iron lamp was too much trouble. His mind dulled by weariness, Paracelsus forgot his request. Night had erased the dusty tubes and retorts, when there was a knock at the door. Drowsily, Paracelsus got up, climbed the short spiral staircase, and opened the door. A stranger entered. He, too, seemed exhausted. Paracelsus motioned to a bench; the other man sat down and waited. For a while, neither of them uttered a word.
The master spoke up first. “I can recall western faces and eastern faces,” he said a bit pompously. “I do not remember yours. Who are you and what is it you want?”
“My name doesn’t matter,” the other man replied. “I’ve walked three days and nights to reach your door. I want to be your disciple. I bring you all my worldly goods.”
He took out a small pouch and, with his right hand, emptied it onto the table. There were many coins, all of them gold. Paracelsus had turned to light the lamp. When he faced around again he noticed that in his left hand the man held a rose. The rose made Paracelsus somehow uneasy.
Sitting back, he put his fingertips together, and said, “You offer me gold, believing I hold the secret of the philosopher’s stone, which turns base metals into gold. It’s not gold I seek. If it’s gold you’re interested in, you’ll never be a disciple of mine.”
“I don’t care about gold,” the other man answered. “These coins are but a token of my willingness to work. I want you to teach me the Grand Secret. I want to follow by your side the path that leads to the stone.”
‘The path is the stone,” Paracelsus said slowly. “The stone is the point of departure. If you don’t understand these words you have not even begun to understand. Each step along the path is the destination.”
The other man looked at the master with misgivings. “But is there a destination?” he said, his voice changed.
Paracelsus laughed. “My detractors, who are as numerous as they are stupid, say no, and they brand me an imposter. I disagree with them, though I may be wrong. Yet, there is a Path, I know.”
A silence fell, into which the other man said, “I am prepared to go by your side however many years the journey takes. Let me cross the wilderness. Whether or not my stars allow me to set foot there, I want to see the promised land- even if from afar. But before I set out I want some proof.”
“When do you want it?” asked Paracelsus, suspicious.
Suddenly decisive, the disciple said, “At once.”
The two had been speaking in Latin; now they spoke in German. The young man held the rose aloft.
“Everyone knows you are able to burn a rose and then by your art make it rise again out of its own ash,” he said. “Let me bear witness to this wonder. I ask only this, and then I’ll entrust my whole life to you.”
“You are most credulous,” said the master. “But it’s not belief I require, it’s faith.”
“That’s just it,” the other man insisted. “Because I believe I want to see the destruction and rebirth of the rose with my own eyes.”
Paracelsus had taken up the flower, toying with it as he spoke. “You believe, then, that I can destroy the rose?”
“Anyone can destroy it,” said the disciple.
“You are wrong. Do you believe something can be turned into nothing? Do you believe the first Adam in Paradise could have destroyed a single flower or blade of grass?”
“We are not in Paradise,” the young man said stubbornly. “Here, beneath the moon, everything is mortal.”
Paracelsus had risen to his feet. “Where are we, then? Do you think the godhead could create a place other than Paradise? Do you consider the Fall to be anything more than our ignorance of the fact that we dwell in Paradise?”
“A rose can be burned,” said the disciple defiantly.
“There’s still fire in the hearth,” said Paracelsus. “If you were to throw this rose onto the coals, you would believe it to have been consumed and its ash real. I say that the rose is eternal and that only its appearance undergoes change. With a single word I could make you see it again.”
“One word?” said the disciple, full of wonderment. “Your still is cold, your retorts coated with dust. By what means would you bring the rose to life again?”
Paracelsus regarded him sadly. “My still is cold,” he repeated, “and my retorts coated with dust. At my time of life I employ other tools.”
“I dare not ask what they are,” said the other man cleverly- or humbly.
“I speak of the tool used by the divinity to create heaven and earth and the unseen Paradise in which we dwell but which original sin conceals from us. I speak of the Word, which the teachings of the Kabbalah reveal.”
“I beg you, please show me the disappearance and reappearance of the rose,” the disciple said matter-of-factly. “I don’t care how you do it- with your still and retorts or the Word.”
Paracelsus considered, then said, “If I were to do what you ask, you’d say it was merely an appearance forced on your eyes by magic. The marvel would not confer the faith you seek. So spare the rose.”
The young man stared at him, doubting as ever.
“Besides,” Paracelsus said, raising his voice, “who are you to enter the house of a master and demand a miracle of him? What have you done to deserve such a gift?”
“I know I’ve done little,” the other man said, quavering. “I beseech you in the name of the many years I will study in your shadow to let me see the ash and then the rose. I’ll ask nothing else of you. I shall believe the evidence of my eyes.”
Abruptly, he picked up the bloodred rose that Paracelsus had left on the desk and cast it into the flames. The color went out of it, until all that remained was a heap of ash. For an endless moment the young man awaited the Word and the miracle.
Paracelsus displayed no change of expression. With a strange simplicity he said, “AU the physicians and apothecaries of Basel claim I’m a fake. Perhaps they are right. There’s the ash that was once a rose and will never be a rose again.”
The young man felt ashamed. Paracelsus was a charlatan or mere dreamer, and he, the would-be disciple- an intruder- had burst in and was forcing the master to admit that his renowned magic arts were but a piece of vanity.
“What I have done is unforgivable,” said the young man, dropping to his knees. “I lack the faith the Lord demands of true believers. Let me go on seeing the ash. I’ll return when I am fitter and will be your disciple, and at the end of the journey I’ll see the rose.”
He spoke with genuine passion, but his passion was the piety inspired by the aging master, so venerated, so maligned, so illustrious, and therefore so hollow. Who was he, Johannes Grisebach, to discover with a sacrilegious hand that behind the mask there was no one?
To have left the gold coins behind would have amounted to an act of charity. On his way out, the young man gathered them up. Paracelsus accompanied him to the foot of the staircase, telling his visitor he would always be welcome in this house. Each knew they would never meet again.
Paracelsus stood there alone. Before extinguishing the lamp and sitting in his weary armchair, he turned the handful of delicate ash in his cupped palm and under his breath spoke one word. The rose sprang to life.
The Rose of Paracelsus mixed media on wood 2013 140 x 100cm
Vanitas mixed media on canvas 200 x 230 cm
Vanitas I and II photographic prints 115 x 103 cm
Vanitas, the silent rush of time passing. Nearly all still lifes include the aspect of vanitas, a lament for the transcience of things: the skull, the overturned wine glass, the extinguished candle. Perhaps also a metaphysical criticism of knowledge and its futility in the face of eternity. The fame of lofty deeds must perish like a dream.
Glass, through its transparency and shine, has the rare virtue of simultaneously animating and distancing the objects it covers, endowing them with both life and death. This is why it was used in the Middle Ages to protect the relics of saints, and later on to add distinction to all cult objects, from material remains that signaled a mystical relation to nature, to those art objects whose status deserved, or simply needed, such veneration.
Uccello – screenprint with etching 107cm x 76cm
Chalice – working drawing
Chalice – mixed media on wood 30cm x 20cm
Symmetry – detail
“Paulo Uccello’s pioneering and beautiful geometrical analysis of that most holy form, the chalice, is a renaissance exercise in the coding of three dimensional form which prefigures the spherical geometries of Reid, Reimann and Einstein, not to mention the spatial nets which underpin computer graphics.
This is a geometry of the mind which can transmute without warning from the parameters of mathematics to the edges of religious symbolism and back again. Here ………in Uccello above….. it is filled with an uncanny light which glows from within. Legends turn on the talismanic properties of the chalice and the secrets it can bestow. It is the medieval form of the collision between Christian doctrine and magic”.
Professor Murdo MacDonald
EMBLEMATA Published by Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art and Design, University of Dundee, 1998
ISBN 1 899837 23 X
Dat Rosa Mel Apibus
mixed media on wood 38cm x 30 cm
mixed media on wood 38cm x 30cm
Blood quotes from Fouquet’s portrait of Charles VII’s mistress Agnes Sorel, which is an exceptionally sophisticated and scandalous painting portraying Agnes as the Blessed Virgin with her left breast bared. Among other things, Agnes is commemorated in several dishes including, appropriately
Suprême de Volaille Agnès Sorel (breasts of chicken in a Madeira sauce on rice flavored with truffles, mushrooms and tongue).
mixed media on wood 136cm x 100cm
mixed media and wax on wood 30cm x 38cm
mixed media on wood 28cm x 38cm
Ultramarine. Colour: It has the appearance of deep-sapphire or corn-flower blue depending on the stone. Material appearance: transparent particles of varying sizes, mostly flat, with a splintered corner outline and a shell-shaped uneven fracture. Chemical Composition: Sulphur containing sodium and calcium silicate. The blue colour is created by the sulphur radical compounds enclosed within the silicate lattice.
The Invisible College
mixed media on wood 136cm x 100cm
The Invisible College of the Rosicrucians. Contemporary examples include: the Church of Mithra in Brussels, the Astara of Lausanne, the Fraterinty of Isis in Grenoble, the Grail Foundation of America, the Hermetic Brotherhood of Luxor, Lectorium Rosicrucianum in Holland, the Bavarian Illuminati of San Francisco and the Templar Alliance of Toulouse to name but a very few.
Published by Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art and Design, University of Dundee, 1998
ISBN 1 899837 23 X
Ian Howard, Murdo MacDonald, Kevin Henderson
by Ian Howard
Date painted: 1998
Oil on board, 136.4 x 175.6 cm
Collection: Royal Scottish Academy of Art & Architecture
The left panel reproduces Paolo Uccello’s ‘Perspective Study of a Chalice’, c.1450, which is in the collection of the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. The incorporation of this image highlights Ian Howard’s interest in science and the work of early Renaissance artists. Many of his paintings make references to iconic Renaissance imagery. The title of the Diploma Work ‘Symmetry’ possibly alludes to the perfect symmetry and precision of Uccello’s chalice. There are a number of alchemical images incorporated into the painting. Flanking the perspectival drawing of the chalice are what appear to be two glass jars with various esoteric transfer printed images that have possibly been copied from alchemical textbooks.
The right hand panel reproduces in part Vittore Carpaccio’s painting ‘Saint George and the Dragon’, dated 1504–1507, in the collection of Scuola di San Giorgio degli Schiavoni, Venice. The image of Carpaccio’s dragon is a recurring motif in many of Ian Howard’s paintings and prints. Ian Howard has also distilled some of the architectural images from the original painting into his Diploma Work. Ian Howard’s work often plays upon oppositions and in this case George and the Dragon represents the opposition of good and evil.
“Symmetry, of the reliquary, the shrine, the altarpiece, is ironized, put into quotes. Objects cease to be stage properties and become emblems. Emblems of what? Above all emblems of emblems. An infinite and unpredictable series of historical and future meanings, hermetic and paranoid, interpretations in which nothing exists by chance”.
Heretical Diagrams; Ian Howard: a publication of 80 pages and 20 colour plates with essays by Alan Woods, which places the print series in the context of the artist’s other work; Jane Lee, whose comprehensive text unravels the iconography and charts the sources of the imagery in the wider history of ideas; and Arthur Watson, who describes the technical aspects of the work.
Published by Peacock Printmakers, Aberdeen 1996 ISBN 0 952 3608 2 9